African National Congress

Third National General Council Declaration

20-24 September 2010, Durban/eThewkwini

1. Declaration of the 3rd National General Council
2. Report of NGC proceedings
3. Reports of Commissions

a. Strategy and Tactics, Organisational and leadership renewal and Gender
b. Education
c. Health
d. Social Transformation
e. Economic Transformation
f. Legislature and governance
g. Peace and stability
h. International relations
i. Media diversity and communications

4. Statement of the ANC Veteran's League to the NGC
5. NGC Credentials
6. Closing remark of President Jacob Zuma to the NGC

Consolidated report of commissions as adopted



1. The NGC received the Political Report of the President and the NEC's Organisational and Financial Reports on the 1st Day. On the 2nd Day, the commissions debated all the reports together with the discussion documents on Strategy and Tactics, Organisational and Leadership Renewal as well as the Gender perspective of the ANC.

2. The delegates discussed at length challenges facing our movement and our country, sending a clear message that without a strong and united ANC our vision of a national democratic society will not be realised.

3. In the ANC's traditions of self-reflection and self-correction, the NGC was characterised by frank, robust and fearless debates among delegates. The hallmark of such debates was mutual respect and the willingness to influence and be influenced.

4. Having discussed the Political and Organisational reports, the NGC agreed that the reports sum up the national political situation and the state of organisation since the 52nd National Conference. It was further noted that the reports give a clear account of the progress made in implementing the resolutions of Polokwane Conference. Further, Council welcomed the forthright manner in which the reports outline the challenges and weaknesses that plague our movement currently and the bold action required to confront and overcome them.

5. Accordingly, Council adopted the Political and Organisational reports. All matters of detail raised by delegates in various commissions and plenary were referred to the NEC for follow-up.

6. Council welcomed the Financial Report presented to plenary and adopted it as a true reflection of the state of finances of the organisation. However, it was noted that the Report should have been taken to commissions for detailed discussion by delegates like other reports. This shortcoming should be corrected in future so that the NGC deliberates fully and tracks the implementation of the Polokwane Conference resolutions.

On the Strategy and Tactics

7. The NGC discussed the critical issues raised by Strategy and Tactics (2007) on the character of the NDR, the motive forces, the character of the ANC and the domestic and global balance of forces. It was noted that we should remain consistent in explaining:

8. Council further noted that this informs the character of the ANC and the motive forces. The following matters of emphasis were raised in this regard:

9. With regards to our vision of a united, non-racial, non-sexist, democratic and prosperous society, it was noted that since 2007:

10. Council reaffirmed the five pillars of social transformation in which the ANC must intensify work and lead: the state, the economy, organisational work, ideological struggle, and international work. Work in each of these areas should be undertaken consciously and programmatically, and we must ensure indicators in each of these pillars, so that we are able to monitor progress over time, and the impact of work in these pillars on our vision of a united, democratic, non-sexist, non-racial and prosperous South Africa and on the motive forces.

11. Council noted the changes in the domestic and global balance of forces since Polokwane and agreed with the Political overview that the shift in economic power towards Asia and the challenge to the neo-liberal hegemony with the global financial crisis open opportunities for more progressive national developmental paths.

Programmatic issues towards 2012

12. The political education committee should prepare rigorous discussion documents on the following matters, in preparations for the National Policy and National Conference of 2012:

13. We must ensure broad understanding and consciousness of Strategy and Tactics amongst ANC membership and structures, as an integral part of our political education, Imvuselelo campaign and leadership development. In particular, we must ensure that ANC branches analyse the motive forces at local level, so that we put conscious strategies in place so that our mobilization and our membership reflect the motive forces.

On Organisation-Building and Renewal

14. Since the clarion call for renewal was made by the Polokwane Conference, much time was spent developing a common theoretical basis and identifying the course of action that must be undertaken to take forward the resolution on organizational renewal: "The preservation of the movement's character, culture and values in a changing context and new conditions of struggle is the central focus of the organisational renewal effort in the run-up to the Centenary of the ANC in 2012".

15. Council appreciated the NEC's work in developing the discussion documents on Organisational Renewal and Leadership Renewal, Discipline and Organisational Culture as an important step in taking forward the resolutions of Polokwane Conference. Going forward, the NEC needs to a concrete plan of action to implement the proposals made in these two documents, all of which were adopted by the NGC.

16. The delegates overwhelmingly want the 3rd NGC to go down in history as the gathering that marked a decisive turning point in tackling, arresting and reversing the negative tendencies that have eroded and threaten to erode the political integrity and moral standing of the ANC among our people. The 3rd NGC has to be remembered as the gathering that went beyond condemning sins of incumbency and other misbehaviour such as ill-discipline and factionalism. From now onwards, decisive action has to be taken by the leadership and membership to renew our movement and fight tenaciously against any tendency to erode the character, principles, core values and culture of the ANC.

17. Accordingly, we emerge from NGC with a renewed determination, resolve and tenacity to cultivate and restore the core values and principles of our movement - unity, selfless and steadfast commitment to serve the people, sacrifice, collective leadership, humility, honesty, discipline, hard work, internal debates, constructive criticism and self-criticism and mutual respect.

18. Council concurs with the conclusion of the discussion documents that for renewal to succeed, it requires significant mobilization and leadership - a leadership that is resilient, courageous, principled and decisive; committed cadreship and politically conscious membership; an active civil society and a mobilized population. Urgent steps will need to be taken by the movement as whole to organise all sectors of the democratic movement and civil society around our programme of renewal.

19. Council was concerned that the NEC was not showing the necessary courage, consistency and steadfastness in tackling the negative tendencies afflicting the movement. Accordingly, the NGC called upon the NEC to lead renewal with renewed vigour and energy, providing decisive, exemplary and inspiring leadership to our movement and our people as we move to the Centenary.

20. Equally, Council called upon all cadres who occupy positions of leadership and authority in the movement, the Alliance, the state and civil society at all levels to embrace the core message of renewal and live the values of our movement at all times. Delegates agree that it is through force of example that we can provide moral and political leadership to our people in their ongoing quest to build a caring society based on values of human solidarity, equity, justice and fairness.

21. In this regard, the NGC adopted a set of programmatic tasks that should be undertaken to renew the movement in its entirety and speed up the implementation of the 52nd National Conference resolution on Organisational Renewal:

Programmatic tasks towards 2012

22. On Building Branches

23. On Unity and Cohesion

24. On discipline and revolutionary conduct

25. On Organisational work

26. On Membership

27. On Cadreship Development

28. On Leadership Renewal

29. On lobbying

30. On building the Alliance

31. On Gender

Programmatic tasks on gender towards 2012

Having identified progress made in this regard, the NGC is of the view that much more needs to be done. These relate to the following programmatic tasks towards 2012:

32. On the Leagues

33. On MKMVA

34. On the Centenary preparations


Making education a national priority - progress since Polokwane

1. The National General Council notes the following areas of progress and work in progress to implement decisions of Polokwane and the 2009 Elections Manifesto:

1.1 The creation of the ministries on Higher Education and Training and Basic Education, to ensure focused attention to distinct areas of the system.

1.2 The identification of basic education as the number one priority in Government's Programme of Action.

1.3 That Government has developed Action Plan to 2014: Towards Schooling 2025, which provides a comprehensive plan for the turnaround of the system. Key strategies in the plan to improve delivery substantially include the following:

1.3.1 Clear measurable targets for improving critical aspects of the system, covering Grade R to Grade 12

1.3.2 Development of ANA into a credible system that makes us all accountable for achieving standards

1.3.3 Working with and through provincial education departments

1.3.4 Re-orientation of departments to support provinces and schools

1.3.5 Very strong focus on social contract with teachers

1.4 That the Action Plan provides, for the first time, a common and integrated plan for the entire sector (including national and all provinces) and should help to focus the attention of the country. Progress reported to the NGC must be seen as integral part of the Action Plan to 2014

On free education for the poor

2. The NGC affirms the following resolutions on Free education for the Poor:

2.1 Polokwane resolution 43: "The no-fee schools be expanded to 60% by 2009" and Resolution 44: "Progressively introduce free education for the poor until undergraduate level".

2.2 2009 Election Manifesto: "Work towards a free and compulsory education for all children. As the immediate step it will ensure that at least 60% of schools are no-fee schools".

3. Acknowledges progress and work in progress on meeting the goal of free education:

3.1 No-fee school policy: Target for 2010 of 60% of learners in no fee schools. Currently approximately 68% of learners (approx. 8 million learners) nationally attend approximately 19 900 no fee schools.

3.2 Extension of the no-fee policy to cover primary as well as secondary schools.

3.3 Poor learners in fee-paying schools accommodated by the fee exemption policy.

4. The NGC notes the following challenges discussed by the commission:

4.1 Adequacy of money that is actually budgeted and reaches schools - especially in respect of small and rural schools.

4.2 The policy and implementation of the quintile system must be clarified to avoid negative impact on poor learners.

4.3 Post-provisioning for small and rural schools must be evaluated - including multi-grade teaching

4.4 Ensure provision of basic services by municipalities are consistent with our pro-poor objectives

4.5 Fact that education is a priority of government should find expression in the budget process.

On adult basic education and training (ABET)

5. The NGC affirms the following resolutions on adult basic education and training:

5.1 Polokwane Resolution 32:" review Adult Basic Education and Training (ABET) so as to ensure that it better responds to the skills demand".

5.2 2009 Election Manifesto: "Ensuring that South Africa is completely liberated from illiteracy by 2014 through our mass literacy campaign - Kha ri Gude".

6. Acknowledges progress and work in progress on meeting the goal of eliminating adult illiteracy by 2014:

6.1 Kha Ri Gude - massive literacy campaign contributes to the Government's Poverty Alleviation Strategy by employing 40 000 practitioners who have successfully eradicated illiteracy among at least a million adults in the past two years.

6.2 Approx R500 million has been paid out in the form of allowances to volunteers who are mainly youth and unemployed.

6.3 The need to investigate reported problems around payment of staff in Kha Ri Gude as well as sustainability, sudden discontinuation, uniformity of stipend and career-pathing of adult literacy trainers.

Career guidance

7. The NGC affirms the Polokwane Resolution 34:"Career guidance be a compulsory subject from grade 8 upwards".

8. Notes progress with implementation of this resolution, in particular the introduction of Life Orientation as a compulsory subject from Gr R-12 in the National Curriculum Statement (NCS), with career guidance currently integrated in Life Orientation curriculum from Grades 8-12.

Teacher quality, development, supply and remuneration

9. The NGC affirms the following resolutions and policy positions:

9.1 Polokwane Resolution 82: "New curriculum must be accompanied with skills development of teachers".

9.2 2009 Election Manifesto: "Promote the status of teachers, ensuring the employment of adequate numbers, and improving their remuneration and training, as an important part of our drive to ensure that quality teaching becomes the norm, rather than the exception. Together with the trade unions, we need to ensure that teachers are in school, in class, on time, teaching, that there is no abuse of learners and no neglect of duty".

10. Acknowledges progress with implementation of these policy positions

10.1 National Teacher Development Summit was held in June 2009 and produced a detailed national teacher development action plan including activities, timelines, responsibilities and outputs for the next five years nested in a longer term strategy to ensure a sustainable teacher development system. The focus is on improving teacher subject and pedagogical knowledge to realise the rights of all learners to quality education.

10.2 That around 130 000 teachers per year receive support through funded programmes and 80% of teachers have received support through short workshops.

10.3 The Department of Basic Education and the South African Council of Educators are developing a Continuing Professional Teacher Development Management system, which will enhance involvement and measurement of teacher professional development activities.

11. The NGC further notes the following additional challenges, that require urgent attention arising from the commission discussions:

11.1 Clarification on the confirmed duality of roles must be urgently addressed

11.2 Question of impact of remuneration on teacher professionalism must be urgently addressed - especially question of housing

11.3 Quality of training currently offered at HEIs should be addressed by credible training options - in respect of pedagogy and content

Developing the capacity of Principals

12. The NGC affirms the Polokwane Resolution 40: "To affirm that all principals should undertake a leadership, management and governance course".

13. Acknowledges progress with implementation of this policy position:

13.1 The completion of a national field-test on the ACE (School Management and Leadership) targeting principals (2007-2009). 81% of the total of the selected 1 167 candidates graduated in 2009. Based on this, the ACE programme has been extended beyond the 4 years field-test.

13.2 Government will be targeting at least 8000 principals and deputy principals to complete the Advanced Certificate: Education: School Management and Leadership (ACE). In addition, all school leaders from underperforming secondary schools and their feeder primary schools will complete specific stand-alone ACE modules.

Dual roles of public servants elected as councilors

14. The NGC notes Polokwane Resolution 39, which states that "the duality of public servants elected as councillors undermines both or either of the two with regards to efficiency and this must be reviewed".

15. Further notes that this matter is also under consideration by the Legislature and Governance Sub-committee.

Maths, Science & Information Technology

16. The NGC affirms the following resolutions and policy positions

16.1 Polokwane Resolution 47: "Maths, science and IT must be promoted and supported, including through Saturday tutorial programmes and bursaries be offered to teachers in this areas"; and

16.2 Polokwane Resolution 50 that "we should recruit from foreign countries on scare skills such as maths and science".

16.3 2009 Election Manifesto: "improving the quality of schools, particularly performance in mathematics, science, technology and language development".

17. Acknowledges progress with implementation of these policy positions:

17.1 The 500 Dinaledi schools continue to demonstrate that learners can perform well above the national average with the necessary focus and support. Out of the 52 779 maths passes, 12 213 (23,7%) learners came from Dinaledi schools.

17.2 Teaching of Maths, Science & IT is prioritised by the Funza Lushaka Bursary Scheme - aimed at increasing new recruits in these areas.

The draft connectivity plan developed between the Department of Communications and the Department of Basic Education in order to promote ICT connectivity in schools.

17.3 Government has also encouraged participation of learners in mathematics Olympiads in order to nurture learner talent in mathematics.

17.4 Provinces such as Gauteng, Limpopo and KZN have employed teachers from other countries Mathematics and Science teachers through their own recruitment process. These teachers have come from countries such as Egypt, Zimbabwe, Kenya and India, amongst others.

17.5 Government is working on detailed Supply and Demand Plan as part of the Teacher Development Framework, which will include assessment of recruiting teachers from other countries.

National Education Evaluation and Development Unit (NEEDU)

18. The NGC affirms the Polokwane Resolution 42 on "The establishment of a national education evaluation and development unit for purposes of monitoring, evaluation and support".

19. Acknowledges progress with implementation of this resolution

19.1 The Ministerial Committee on the National Education Evaluation and Development Unit (NEEDU) was established in 2008 to investigate and advise the Minister on how independent evaluation of schools and teachers could be undertaken.

19.2 NEEDU will monitor and evaluate performance across the entire system including the national department, provinces and districts as well as schools. It will be there to ensure that learners learn and achieve, teachers teach and departmental officials properly support schools.

19.3 Teacher performance is critical to quality education and learner achievement. NEEDU will play a part in identifying weaknesses in terms of teacher performance but this will be linked to a focused teacher developmental strategy.

School Infrastructure

20. The NGC affirms the following resolutions and policy positions:

20.1 Polokwane Resolution 49: "Building of schools to replace mud schools must be included in the Expanded Public Works (EPW) programme'.

20.2 2009 Election Manifesto: "Ensure that all schools and health facilities have access to basic infrastructure such as water and electricity by 2014".

21. Acknowledges progress with implementation of these policy positions:

21.1 About R2.7 billion was allocated from the 2008 Medium-Term Expenditure Framework (MTEF) for school infrastructure programme and for the eradication of mud structures.

21.2 Government is finalising the Accelerated School Infrastructural Development Initiative (ASIDI) that sets out a plan to eradicate all seriously dysfunctional schools in the shortest possible time.

21.3 ASIDI is attempting to provide a nationally co-ordinated effort that achieves economies of scale, while at the same time seeking to introduce cost-effective innovations in the planning, design and construction of schools

22. Confirms the importance of the Accelerated School Infrastructural Development Initiative (ASIDI) towards our goal of quality education for all.

School Nutrition

23. The NGC affirms the following resolutions and policy positions:

23.1 Polokwane Resolution 35: "We must progressively expand the school nutrition programme to include high school learners in poorer communities.

23.2 2009 Election Manifesto "Extending school feeding schemes to all deserving high schools and improving the implementing of the feeding scheme in all deserving primary schools".

24. Acknowledges progress with implementation of these policy positions:

24.1 Currently, the National School Nutrition Programme has been successful in most provinces with approximately 7.2 million learners in 20 059 schools benefitting, mainly from rural, farm and informal settlement areas. The programme was successfully extended to quintile 1 secondary schools in 2009. Feeding has commenced in quintile 2 secondary schools in 2010 with preparations for feeding in quintile 3 secondary schools in 2011.

24.2 The school nutrition programme promotes community participation and has engaged 37,844 Voluntary Food Handlers who support the programme at schools in preparing and serving meals for learners. They receive a minimum monthly honorarium of R500. 2,355 contracted small enterprises and 216 local co-operatives are engaged to procure food distributed in schools.

Early Childhood Development

25. The NGC affirms the commitment in the 2009 Elections Manifesto to "introduce a comprehensive early childhood development system."

26. Acknowledges progress with implementation of these policy positions

26.1 The implementation of targeted efforts to improve literacy and numeracy from grade R upwards. It is accepted that South Africa's learning outcomes continue to be unsatisfactory. Especially African learners do not perform at the required level.

26.2 Foundations for Learning Programme is being implemented and learning and teaching support materials and workbooks have been distributed

26.3 Action Plan to 2014: Towards Schooling 2025 prioritised Grade R and ECD for expanded coverage and quality improvement. Clear targets have been set in this regard.

27. Acknowledges the need for the alignment of policies in the ECD sector for provision of integrated quality ECD from birth to Grade R.

Improving the quality of schools, particularly performance in mathematics, science, technology and language development

28. The NGC affirms the commitment in the 2009 Elections Manifesto to continually improve the quality of schools, particularly performance in mathematics, science, technology and language development

29. Acknowledges progress with implementation of these policy positions

29.1 Review of the implementation of the National Curriculum Statement (NCS) undertaken to improve the quality of teaching and learning in our schools. Review highlighted a number constraints such as overload on teachers brought about by assessment requirements of the NCS, knowledge gaps in some subjects, especially in the transition from the Foundation to intermediate phase and curriculum overload amongst others. The ANC has come out in full support of these measures.

29.2 Immediately after the National Senior Certificate (NSC) exams in 2010, government set up a Rapid Assessment and Remediation Initiative as a short term measure to address challenges at under-performing schools.

29.3 The DBE and all provinces are embarking on intensive support for Grade 12, including intensive study centres, resource-based support and Saturday classes

29.4 Annual national assessments (ANA) will focus on the critical foundational skills of literacy and numeracy that we know are fundamental to all learning. The ANA will be set nationally so they will provide a benchmark for all schools in the basic education sector.

29.5 There will be national and provincial learner performance targets and district and school targets. These targets will take into account the history and socio-economic circumstances of individual schools.

30. Consider the introduction of additional curriculum options that caters for more practical and vocationally-oriented skills across the FET band

Social compact on ‘non-negotiables' in education

31. The NGC notes that in order to ensure that all education stakeholders and role players take responsibility for education as enjoined by the President that "education is a societal issue", the Department is working closely together with teacher unions, school governing bodies, parents, principals, teachers and learners through the Quality Learning and Teaching Campaign.

32. This campaign aims to mobilise not only our traditional partners but to reach out to all members of society with the message that quality education is our key priority.

33. The key messages of our campaign are on hard work, responsibility and commitment to excellence. This campaign continues to call on all individuals, organisations and communities to assume responsibility for improving the quality of education.

Strengthen management capacity to ensure working districts and schools

34. The NGC notes and supports the following measures taken to strengthen management capacity in education:

34.1 Government has developed a national framework for improvement of district capacity

34.2 Partnerships with private sector are being co-ordinated to more effectively channel support to districts

34.3 NGO capacity is also being mobilized

34.4 E-Education Strategy linked to district capacity improvement strategy

National procurement of textbooks

35. The NGC notes the Ministerial committee that was established to look at the matter of the procurement of textbooks, that the committee has produced a report, which is now subjected to consultation

36. Believes that the Department must develop, design and provide quality textbooks for every child in every subject

37. Affirms the importance of textbooks and workbooks and supports the approach for national procurement of LTSM textbooks.

Social support for children

38. The NGC notes that social support to children in school has been an area of weakness in our policy, yet is critical to the performance of learners in schools.

39. Further notes that this is being addressed in Action Plan to 2014, with already resulted in closer collaboration between Departments of Basic Education and Health, and with work underway to similarly strengthen relationship with Social Development with the ultimate goal to provide health and social support to all schools - through sharing of human resources.

40. The commission further recommended that we must expand the provision of psycho-social and health support to schools to include psychological and counselling support

41. As part of our campaign towards inclusive education we must improve access to and resources in special schools

Conclusion - steady progress and challenges

42. Since the Polokwane Conference, we have taken positive steps to address the mandate in the 2009 elections. We focused on challenges that could be addressed immediately and made considerable progress towards setting in place the necessary pro-poor policies that address issues such as improving access to schooling through increasing the number of no fee schools and extending the provision of nutrition programmes.

43. National and provincial departments are working closely in order to increase the coordination of the sector. We have set national and provincial targets in the Action Plan to 2014 and all in the system are working together to ensure that these are met.

44. We have entered into a social compact with our key stakeholders (teacher unions, SGBs, parents, learners) committing all in the sector to a set of non-negotiables. This commitment to the non-negotiables is absolutely critical to all our efforts to turn the education system around. However, 2010 Public Sector strike has rolled back some of our earlier gains. We will have to work hard to recover.

45. Key amongst the challenges we face that require ongoing and deliberate attention are:

45.1 Literacy and numeracy levels across education

45.2 Number of learners in schools with inadequate physical infrastructure and overcrowding

45.3 Credible teacher development to address teacher challenges (content and pedagogy)

45.4 Availability of appropriate LTSM (textbooks) that address real needs of learners

45.5 That the Department of Basic Education ensures that quality workbooks and textbooks for Grades 1-6 are developed and distributed to schools by the beginning of the 2011 school year.

45.6 Social and political context of schooling - especially labour peace and stability and the challenges of poverty.

Further programmatic issues towards 2010

46. That the Action Plan to 2014 - Schooling 2025 be noted as a turnaround strategy for the Department of Basic Education, and that the ANC should monitor progress with the achievements of the following targets:

46.1 Increasing the number of Grade 12 learners who pass the national examinations and qualify to enter a Bachelor's programme at a university from 105 000 to 175 000.

46.2 Increasing the number of Grade 12 learners who pass mathematics and physical science to 225 000 and 165 000 respectively;

46.3 Increasing the percentage of learners in Grades 3, 6 and 9 in public schools who obtain the minimum acceptable mark in the national assessments for language and mathematics (or numeracy) from between 27% and 38% to at least 60%.

46.4 Achieving universal access to Grade R for all age appropriate children;

46.5 Ensuring that adequate learning and teaching materials are developed and distributed particularly to identify schools.


Polokwane resolutions and Elections Manifesto 2009

47. The National General Council notes the following resolutions on higher education from the 52nd National Conference resolutions:

47.1 A policy on affirmative measures for Historically Disadvantaged Institutions with specific emphasis on infrastructure, access and staff provisioning

47.2 To review Adult Basic Education and Training (ABET) so as to ensure that it better responds to the skills demand.

47.3 Progressively introduce free education for the poor until undergraduate level.

47.4 The ANC to focus rigorously on the quality of education.

47.5 Education must be prioritised as one of the most important programmes for the next five years.

47.6 The NEC should critically consider the outcomes of the recently held education summit with a view to implementing the proposals that emerged.

47.7 Investing in priority skills and education, including through:

47.8 Investing in priority skills and education, including through:

48. Further noting, the Elections Manifesto 2009 commitments to give effect to these resolutions during the 2009-2014 term of office:

48.1 Increase graduate output in areas of skills shortages. This will include measures to streamline Sector Education and Training Authorities (SETAS) and other institutions to addressing existing and forecast skills shortages.

48.2 Embarking on the re-opening of teacher training colleges where appropriate.

48.3 Revive the role of state owned enterprises in skills development and training.

48.4 Place Further Education and Training colleges at the centre of a popular drive to develop skills development for the economy.

48.5 Encourage students from working class and poor communities to go to tertiary institutions by reviewing and improving the National Student Financial Aid Scheme.

49. The NGC reflected on the current challenges facing the sector:

At universities

49.1 Participation rates in are not adequate for our development growth path. Target needed for participation and investment for next 20 years.

49.2 Too many young people of ability are not gaining access to higher education.

49.3 Too many are not succeeding because of poor education foundations and poverty. These students are disproportionately black.

49.4 Many students who do gain access cannot afford basic necessities.

49.5 Many universities need infrastructural investment to sustain their development. Many of these serve predominantly rural areas and African students in particular.

At Further Education and Training (FET) colleges

49.6 The number of students in public FET Colleges is less than the number at public Universities. This needs to be corrected by planned increases in enrolment:

49.7 Many young people have completed the academic part of occupational training but not had the opportunity for work-place experience in order to complete their qualifications.


50. Strengthening the Skills Support Infrastructure

50.1 Steps to strengthen the National Skills Authority

50.2 National Skills Development Strategy (2011/12 - 2015/16)

50.3 Addressing problems at Trade Testing Centres

50.4 The Quality Council of Trades and Occupations (QCTO) established

50.5 National Skills Fund being strengthened as a developmental grant-making body

51. Focused attention on the SETAs

51.1 Improving SETA performance and a new SETA landscape.

51.2 Improving governance, management and accountability of the SETAs

51.3 Decisive action on non-performing SETAs

51.4 Strengthening Sector Skills Plans

52. Intensive focus on Artisan Training

52.1 Establishing the National Artisan Moderating Body to focus on quality of artisan training

52.2 Working with the Department of Defence, State-Owned enterprises and private industry to accelerate artisan training

53. Exploring transforming ABET Centres into Community Training Centres

53.1 Primary target is youth and adults, out of school without matric

53.2 Increase access to short-term skills programs, including adult matric, entrepreneurial and cooperatives training

54. FET Colleges

54.1 Task Teams established do detailed diagnostic work in all areas of improving colleges

54.2 FET Summit held with all stakeholders to identify and agree on challenges and strategies to address them

55. On Universities

55.1 Review of Funding formula for universities, with particular focus on recapitalisation and strengthening HDI

55.2 Establishment of two new universities in Mpumalanga and Northern Cape - Task Teams already set up to drive this process

55.3 Addressing the problem of student accommodation - A Committee has already been established to look into the problem of student accommodation across the system, and make recommendations on models for expanding university residences

56. National Student Financial Aid Scheme

56.1 Recommendations of Ministerial Review to go to Cabinet

57. Teacher Development

57.1 Establishment of the joint DBE-DHET-Stakeholder Steering Committee)

57.2 model for an integrated institutional framework for both production of new teachers and professional support for existing teachers.

57.3 strengthening the current system, opening colleges where appropriate, and ensuring a coordinated response to teacher development needs.

57.4 Key principles: improved quality; increased access and equity.

58. Higher Education Summit Stakeholder Summit

58.1 Stakeholder Forum and annual summit.

58.2 Differentiation working group

58.3 A charter on learning and teaching.

58.4 Focused recapitalisation of HDIs.

58.5 Development of new generations of academics


59. The National General Council welcomed the progress made in implementing the Polokwane resolutions, and further mandate the Education Committees at various level to ensure that the responsible department focus on the following, leading up to 2012:

59.1 The need for dedicated focus on the approximately 3 million 18-24 year olds not in employment, education or training (NEET) to address the crisis, including expanding the FET sector, and the college sector as a whole. Government to increase funding to address this situation

59.2 Transforming and strengthening the ABET centres, including looking into the conditions of employment for ABET workers

59.3 Building capacity to research and analyse the labour market in order to determine skills development needs.

59.4 National-provincial coordination will be strengthened through Provincial Skills Development Fora to improve skills development

59.5 Drastically increasing the number of artisans qualifying every year

59.6 Expansion of the FET College sector to 1 million students by 2014, and the college sector as a whole

59.7 Introduction of a Maths and Science Foundation program for school leavers with poor symbols in these subjects, but wanting to get into Engineering etc.

59.8 Curriculum review, with focus on strengthening NC(V), and continuing Nated Course

59.9 Improving the quality of all courses at FET Colleges

59.10 Improving governance and management of colleges

59.11 Active participation of ANC structures in strengthening FET colleges and the college sector as a whole

59.12 Strengthening the links between FET Colleges and the SETAs for improved placement for learners in workplaces

59.13 Development of a Rural Development Skills Strategy - Promotion of rural skills development hubs

59.14 No Council Member, university management or student leader should have any financial interest in the same university in which they work

59.15 Management or governance difficulties have necessitated intervention at several Universities

Health for all

1) The National General Council noted the presentations to the commission on the Mid-Term Report and the National Health Insurance (NHI).

2) NGC further notes the resolution of a meeting between ANC Officials and all the Premiers, MEC, ANC Provincial Chairpersons and Chairperson of Portfolio Committee, that province should prepare ANC QUARTERLY HEALTH MONITORING REPORT that must include the following:

  1. Appropriate appointment of HODs, CFOs, hospital CEOs, District health and clinic managers, with relevant competency and qualifications.
  2. Report on financial expenditure pattern of provincial health departments.
  3. On Infrastructure Delivery Improvement Program and Capital Projects, under-spending will not be allowed and quarterly report must be tabled.
  4. Increase employment of doctors, nurses, health technicians and other health professionals.
  5. Integrate and increase Community Health Workers.
  6. Re-introduce and increase nurse training and reopen nursing schools and colleges.
  7. Increase training total number of doctors and other technicians.
  8. Monitor and report on the availability of medicines. Report especially on Antiretrovirals (ARVs), anti-TB drugs and chronic medication.
  9. Quarterly reports on mortality trends on stillbirth rate, infant mortality rate, maternal mortality rate and avoidable deaths

Health as a national priority

3) The NGC identified the following ongoing deficiencies and challenges:

4) And re-emphasized resolutions of 52nd National Conference of making Health a priority and principles, including:

4.1 Capacity building and training of Hospital CEO, District and Clinic managers and HODs.

4.2 Appointments of managers subject to signing of performance agreements.

4.3 Emergency Medical Services should be decentralised. Strengthen the monitoring systems in the ANC.

4.4 Political education for health workers to enhance service delivery.

4.5 Equitable distribution of resources.

4.6 Review the funding formula to consider previously disadvantaged area.

4.7 Improve disaster management in hospitals.

4.8 Extend services hours for clinics and community health centres and should be standardised in all provinces.

4.9 Batho-Pele principles should be upheld by all including clerks, porters, cleaners and gardeners.

4.10 Ethics should be taught for social, health and education workers

4.11 Attitude of health workers is of great concern and must be improved.

4.12 Provision food vouchers for people who are taking TB and ARV treatment.

4.13 Supervisors should do their work.

4.14 The infrastructure in some clinics and hospital in rural areas is dilapidated.

4.15 Extend coverage of the immunisation

4.16 Offenders to be looked after properly to avoid high defaulter rate.

4.17 Shortage of appropriate drugs in clinics.

4.18 Clinics should be fully staffed with all relevant professionals.

4.19 Provincialization of municipality clinics must be concluded.

4.20 Sick bays in schools should be utilised to promote relevant health campaigns like contraception and a service point for various health needs.

4.21 Re-visit the resolution on the "Creation of a single public services".

4.22 Toll free number for emergency services.

4.23 Availability officials of DoH for engagement with stakeholder.

4.24 Healthy nation and bias to rural and poor areas.

4.25 Collective bargaining in the public sectors should be done in time and include a multiyear agreements unlike annual agreements.

4.26 Environmental Health Officers or health inspectors should be relocated to provinces.

4.27 Nursing and doctors in rural areas be provided with accommodation, i.e. living quarters.

5) Community Development Workers (CDW)/ Home Based Care Workers (HBCW)/ Community Health Workers (CHW)

5.1 Training of CDW's should include accredited certificates.

5.2 Integration of CDW's into the public sectors.

5.3 Ensure that CDW's are paid their stipends on time.

5.4 CDW should be paid salaries not stipends.

5.5 Flagship programme which integrates work of all social development, health, rural development at the level of the ward.

5.6 Community Health Workers do a lot of work, and as such need to be given necessary recognition. They should be paid their stipend in time.

6) Public participation, mass mobilization and campaigns

6.1 Encourage health volunteers, who should also be trained in basic life-support skills.

6.2 Strengthening of hospital boards and clinic committees.

6.3 Redistribution of the pamphlets on the health and education campaigns.

6.4 Branches should organise health awareness campaigns.

6.5 Educate the communities about the referral system.

6.6 Integration of CBO/ NGO in the provision of comprehensive health care.

6.7 Popularise exclusive Breast Feeding.

6.8 Encourage all households to have First Aid Kits.

6.9 Popularise healthy lifestyle campaign.

6.10 Provision of free sanitary towel to all women especially to girl and young women.

6.11 Stricter enforcement of the Liquor Act that provides for age restriction.

6.12 Ban on TV and Radio advert of alcohol.

6.13 Promote a Gun Free SA.

6.14 Organise Voluntary Counselling and Testing at all major events of the organisation.

6.15 Protect community facilities like clinics and schools.

6.16 Promote primary care health principles.

6.17 Simplify Patients Charter and translate it to different languages.

6.18 Femidoms should be made available freely to all women.

7) Human Resources Challenges

7.1 Utilise retired professional.

7.2 Encourage trained doctors from rural areas to return to their area.

7.3 Remuneration of health workers should be improved.

7.4 Nurses' salaries should be improved to curb moonlighting.

7.5 Recruitment of health workers who have immigrated to other countries.

7.6 Consider recruiting Cuban professionals who have been laid off, as part of our solidarity work.

7.7 Address the skills and deployment mismatch.

7.8 Develop a common understanding and agreement of the definition of what constitute essential services.

7.9 Restructuring should be in line with Occupation Specific Dispensation (OSD).

7.10 Train more researchers on different fields, which are important in health care.

7.11 As part of research work a group of three African scientists have developed a Nano-technology capsule for the treatment of TB.

8) Nursing Training

8.1 Evaluate broadly the training of nurses

8.2 Reopening of nursing schools and colleges should be uniform across all provinces.

8.3 Training of nurses should be hospital-based and decentralised.

8.4 Holistic approach has been neglected by the health worker.

8.5 Nurses should be more practical.

8.6 Establishment of a nursing directorate.

9) Health cost drivers

9.1 Review NHLS as its one of the cost drivers.

9.2 Establish the state owned pharmaceutical company.

9.3 Renewal energy.

9.4 Partnerships with cooperatives.

10) Priorities groups

10.1 Targeted approaches to the health of women and children, as well as the elderly.

10.2 Make the health a standalone department excluding other mandates.

10.3 Environmental health be prioritised as part of health campaign.

11) National Health Insurance

Support and implementation

11.1 NGC notes the overwhelming support for the National Health Insurance (NHI) and that the implementation of NHI should be fast-tracked, but done correctly within reasonable time frame.

11.2 Widespread publicity on the NHI need to be undertaken involving road shows, TV and radio adverts, e.g. "NHI is here, feel it".

11.3 The ANC must lead the implementation of the NHI and its promotion amongst the general populace. The involvement and support of the Alliance is crucial.

11.4 The roll out should begin in the rural areas.

Service providers

11.5 Freedom of choice of service providers

11.6 Accreditation shouldn't disadvantage under-resourced hospital and clinic.



1. The NGC, deliberating on social transformation, endorsed the NEC Committee report, including the recommendations made to advance the resolutions.

2. The participants, after having raised important questions of clarity, suggested amendments and programmes of action to accelerate service delivery towards the 2012 Centenary Conference.

3. These resolutions are captured together with a list of the Polokwane Conference resolutions, progress made to implement those resolutions and the challenges the ANC face in the fight towards a better life for all.

4. The deliberations were concluded with a brief, but poignant presentation in the commission on the importance of branches as the building blocks of a strong African National Congress.

Questions for deliberations

5. The guiding questions that the NGC grappled with were:

Service delivery challenges

6. The Commission affirmed the organisational issues raised by the President and the Secretary General, and engaged with the challenges related to service delivery protests particularly with regards to intergovernmental relations and the role of the ANC

Noting that

7. Although, there may be elements of mischief at play in these service delivery protests, we should not underplay the genuine concerns and grievances around service delivery and the high levels of poverty.

8. The ANC needs to be reflective on this issue, as service delivery protesters are by and large our own members and supporters and we need to respond appropriately to the challenges.

Further noting

9. The challenges of inter-governmental relations impact on local governments' ability to deliver services.

10. Corruption amongst local government officials, including ANC deployees, exacerbate poor service delivery.

On Programmatic tasks and recommendations towards 2012

11. Improve the alignment between plans and promises of all spheres of government and the abilities of local government to fund and implement such plans and promises;

12. Elect and appoint competent people as councilors and local government officials and ensure ongoing skills development of this cadre;

13. Intervene to deal with the extent to which protests have become destructive;

14. Introduce the system of accreditation of high quality municipalities, and introduce measures to support poor performing municipalities;

15. Funding allocation from national and provinces should address social infrastructure backlogs;

16. Explore the option of means testing free basic services;

17. Assess the extent to which military veterans, retired civil servants and ANC members can assist in construction of public infrastructure;

18. Explore the extent to which the legal punitive measures are sufficient to deter intimidation, the destruction of property and bodily harm to councilors and other community members;

19. Branches must improve communication to prevent service delivery protests and work with community stakeholders to ensure peaceful protests;

20. Undertake a comprehensive assessment of the extent to which people fall through the cracks of public and private service delivery as a result of the application of income thresholds and ceilings that are aimed at targeting service provision, but are exclusionary and creates poverty traps;

21. Undertake a review of investments by Public Investment Corporation in private and public service and assess the fiscal incidence thereof.

Human settlements & housing

Polokwane Resolutions:

The NGC notes that since Polokwane:

22. A Department of Military Veterans was established and a veterans housing policy is being implemented

23. Government mandated that research be undertaken into warehousing of building materials. However this matter raises the extent to which interventions to control prices of building material would contravene competition law.

24. An affordable rental housing strategy has been approved.

25. A central planning framework has been developed to direct resource allocation for housing but requires the support of all departments.

26. The Housing Development Agency is accelerating land acquisition in specific areas.

27. After engagements with the private sector on their commitments, the Human Settlement Department received R45 billion from the private sector through the housing charter

28. The President announced a R1 billion fund for those with no access to bank financing as a guarantee to assist prospective homeowners earning between R3, 500 and R9, 000 to enable them to access home loans.

29. The Rural Housing Loan Fund continues to provide financial opportunities for rural families and a rural housing subsidy voucher scheme was finalized.

Further noting that:

30. Over 3 million houses were constructed since 1994. Notwithstanding the unprecedented success of the delivery of housing, SA still has over 2,700 informal settlements. Moreover, housing delivery for 2010 to 2014 is projected at roughly 230, 000 per annum.

31. Due to high levels of migration and other push and pull factors, the need for housing increases, despite our delivery record.

32. Polokwane resolved that shelter provision on its own is not sufficient, but that a more holistic approach to human settlement must guide government's housing programme.

33. Litigation prevents introduction of legislation to constrain informal settlements.

34. There is also a need to focus on the quality of structures provided to guarantee their integrity over a period of time.

Programmatic tasks and recommendations towards 2012

35. New areas of funding, both through the public and private sector, should be explored to provide a sustained fiscal injection over the MTEF cycle to address the housing backlog and growth in informal settlements;

36. There is an urgent need to revise the current funding model, as well as technical and programmatic options to produce the desired impact of increased human settlement delivery;

37. There is a need to re-visit the centrality of the state in human settlements delivery and that there is a need for a reconsideration of the human settlements mandate and its alignment in terms of powers, policy development, funding and related responsibilities;

38. A renewed effort must be made to eliminate apartheid settlement patterns also reflected along class lines;

39. The state should discourage the formation of unplanned settlements, avoiding the provision or limiting services to such unplanned sites as they tend to over-ride the rights of people who have been on housing waiting lists for long periods of time;

40. There must be a link between the information systems of the Human Settlement Department and that of traditional landowners to reduce the extent of double benefits and home ownership for those who rely on public provided housing benefits.

41. Explore how the state can enhance its internal capacity in the building of houses;

42. That we should move towards serviced sites modes of delivery so that local people can build their own houses in the mode of the People Housing Projects as this can stimulate local development and result in better quality homes.

Water and sanitation

Polokwane Resolutions

The NGC notes that since Polokwane:

43. In 1994, 15 million people were without safe water supply and over 20 million without adequate sanitation services;

44. South Africa has made significant progress with regard to improving access to water supply and it is reaching universal access in the improved water source in urban areas; and

45. In rural areas the share of those with access to water increased from 62% to 82% from 1990 to 2006

The NGC further notes that since Polokwane

46. The assessment involved a discussion of water infrastructure, options of funding model proposals and pricing. The Commission endorsed the proposal to establish an economic regulator to manage the water infrastructure.

NGC notes the challenges going forward

47. That the lack of transformation in the water sector requires intervention;

48. Government must ensure that measures are put in place to secure the country's water sufficiency;

49. More than 35% of South Africans do not have access to proper human waste disposal;

50. The cholera epidemic of 2000 reawakened government to address the slow rate of progress in sanitation provision and that the 2008 cholera outbreak resulting in acute cases of diarrhoea was a reflection of the sanitation infrastructure;

51. Water borne infections such as typhoid in Delmas point to deterioration of human waste disposal infrastructure; and

52. By March 2009, more than 9, 000 households were still using the bucket system

Programmatic tasks and recommendations towards 2012:
53. That a water summit be held to concretise a strategy for water management;

54. Declare water a scarce resource and explore measures, including importing to secure long-term provision of water resources;

55. In view of the concern that water tariffs are too high, NGC resolves that there is a need to establish a Water Regulator to set the guidelines for water tariffs and provision;

56. There is a need to review the role of the executive vis a vis the many Water Boards who set inequitable tariffs;

57. A legislative review must be undertaken to address barriers to broadening access to water;

58. Government must ensure improved linkages between water provision and the land reform agenda;

59. There is a need to review the issuing of water licenses for mining activities abstraction and the discharge of such water in relation to mining activities;

60. The efficiencies of current water boards require review;

61. There is a need to address the challenges faced by natural monopolies.

Comprehensive social security and social development

Polokwane Resolutions:

Progress since Polokwane

62. The STC has spent a considerable amount of its time in interrogating social security policies presented by the Inter-Ministerial Committee (IMC) for Social Security. The Commission is pleased to indicate that the STC gave resounding support for the comprehensive review of the current system of social security and supports the strategic framework;

63. The Inter-ministerial Committee for Social Security will soon announce the far-reaching programme, which will have profound implications and address the gaps in the social security system;

64. The Child support grants has been extended up to 18 years and its link to conditions of school attendance;

65. Pensionable age has been equalized at 60 years for men and women;

66. Collaboration on Early Childhood development has been achieved by Departments of Social Development and Education and a joint strategic plan was rolled out;

67. The Unemployment Insurance Fund has improved its operations through significant extension of coverage to domestic and farm workers and taxi drivers, reduction in service delivery costs and the modernisation of its systems;

68. Policies have been developed for a fully-fledged contributory system of social insurance to be presented to Cabinet soon;

69. The Cabinet has approved a new policy framework for the reform of the Road Accident Fund to bring it in line with social security principles.

Noting that:

70. Significant gaps remain in the system of social assistance and in the absence of employment, there will be continued pressure to explore policy options of income support for employable adults;

71. The area of comprehensive social security is complex and requires trade-offs between income for the elderly, or employed people or children and other government priorities;

72. Despite the significant progress of government to reduce social grants fraud, the perception remains that fraud is still endemic in the grants system;

73. The R30 billion reserve of the UIF does raise the question of what social benefits are obtained from such reserves in the context of high levels of poverty and unemployment;

74. The gaps in the contributory system increases the burden on social assistance;

75. Social security policies lack coherence, are duplicated to meet the same contingencies and are developed in a number of departments and several agencies deliver such as SASSA, UIF, Compensation fund, Road Accident Fund deliver benefits;

76. That there is no reason to believe that South Africa is making sufficient headway on the war against substance abuse and drug trafficking.

Programmatic tasks and recommendations towards 2012:

77. To address the ongoing uncertainty about social security reform, government is urged to expedite the publication of the Consolidated Government Document on Social Security and Retirement Reform to initiate the process of public consultation;

78. Government must extend the period for the unemployment benefits to provide support for prolonged periods of unemployment;

79. Government must move with speed to introduce of the National Social Security Fund which will manage and administer a contributory pension fund for all South Africans;

80. There is also a need to now explore the provision of a contributory retirement system for sport personalities, performing artists and related categories of persons in irregular employment;

81. Progressively universalize the old age pension and other social grants to address the negative and disincentive effect of means testing;

82. To achieve coherence in social security policy development and address the policy gaps in the system, social security policy must reside in a new Ministry and a Department of Social Security;

83. With a view to achieve delivery efficiencies, integrate customer services and avoid double dipping, one-stop-shops government must establish a common platform and single social security outlets in a modernised social security administration and payment arrangement;

84. To improve targeting of social relief of distress, a temporary social assistance benefit, and together with social grants, enhance links with economic activities and building self-reliance, the function must be delivered by the provincial departments of social development;

85. Assess the extent to which the Polokwane resolution on free access to education up to the undergraduate level has been progressively introduced;

86. That access to the child support grants must be linked to free health care, as is education, for children over the age of 6 years;

87. The South African Social Security Agency must continue to eradicate fraud and generate efficiencies and savings in the social grants system by using financial institutions for grants payments;

88. A share of such savings generated by SASSA should be invested in the improvement of service delivery, improve accessibility to service offices, reducing long queues at pay points, reduce the amounts of people on its appeals backlogs;

89. There is a need to review the oversight model of the relevant social security policy department and the South African Social Security Agency;

90. The reform of the Road Accident Fund must be expedited to reduce the resources flowing to the legal system;

91. The Economic Transformation Committee must expedite employment creation plans to reduce pressure on the social grants system to avoid risks of creating an underclass;

92. Government must undertake a study into the socio-economic implications of alcohol abuse and review the extent to which current legislation should be reviewed to address this societal evil, especially amongst the poor;

93. The state must enforce the law that prohibits that liquor outlets be no nearer than a 500 metre distance from schools and places of worship;

94. Develop a reporting system within government that measures progress towards the universal provision of Early Childhood Development;

95. ANC members, and its structures, must volunteer to support the implementation of community development programs, especially those of the Department of Social Development;

96. All government departments must contribute to the expansion of the National Youth Service programme by employing and training youth for the fixed period.

Rural development and land reform

Polokwane Resolutions:

Progress since Polokwane:

97. In excess of R170,8 million allocated to provinces for the acquisition of land;

98. Agriculture, forestry and fisheries department has completed integrating all existing funding programmes under one development funding model which aims to increase access to funding in a coordinated and holistic manner;

99. Higher numbers of farmers and extension officers now access post-settlement support;

100. The Social Transformation Committee held deliberation in respect of the proposed amendments to the Expropriation Act of 1975 to meet the commitment to redistribute 30% of land by 2014. The proposed Expropriation Bill shifts the emphasis away from the "willing-buyer-willing-seller" principle as the only determining factor in government's acquisition of land for redistribution.

101. The Housing Development Agency is already working with SOEs and municipalities to manage the transfer of redundant land for low cost housing and residential development purposes.


102. The slow and unsatisfactory progress in land redistribution,

103. The leakage, corruption and fraud by government officials, land owners and land evaluators; and

104. The eminent publication of the Green paper on Land Reform;

105. That the War on Poverty Campaign has been integrated into rural development

Programmatic tasks and recommendations towards 2012:

106. The sector should engage the range of stakeholders on government's plans for land redistribution and rural development;

107. Expedite and implement legislation that enables government to acquire land more expeditiously for distribution;

108. Programmes must be put in place to support beneficiaries of land reform and put in place systems to assess the productive use of land after it has been transferred;

109. The rural development programmes must be holistic and include arts and culture, sports and recreation and that the programmes benefit young people and biased towards the poor;

110. A moratorium on the sale of land to foreigners must be implemented.

National identity & social cohesion

Polokwane resolutions

Progress since Polokwane

111. The 2010 Fifa Soccer World Cup:

  1. Demonstrated better relations between South Africa's race groups;
  2. Reawakened a spirit of patriotism, a sense of national pride and confidence never before witnessed in South Africa since 1994; and
  3. Enhanced national consciousness that has been ignited by soccer world cup.

Noting that

112. The slow process in building national identity and social cohesion and a lack of a sense of common belonging;

113. The violence against foreigners of 2008 reminded us of the need to build a caring and prosperous nation, one that is tolerant of all people. The grievances registered during this period related to growing disparities between South Africans along material possessions, standards and living conditions;

114. Racism remains a major challenge not receiving sufficient attention.

Programmatic tasks and recommendations towards 2012

115. Government must expedite efforts to support programmes that improve national pride such as the Liberation Heritage Route Project;

116. The ANC must provide strategic support to guide organs of the state to strengthen Ubuntu values;

117. Increase investment in Arts and Culture to build national heritage and pride;

118. Promote indigenous languages and explore name changes to places of interest to further engender inclusiveness;

119. Explore the introduction of a third language as compulsory at all schools;

120. The national anthem should be played more regularly on television and presented in all forms of media;

121. The ANC needs to lead dialogues on race, culture and identity to erode all forms of prejudice and promote tolerance including towards fellow Africans and foreign nationals.

Sport for nation building

Polokwane resolutions

Progress since Polokwane

122. The bringing about of the use of one emblem for sport has been achieved;

123. The School Sport Regulatory Framework is 50% completed. 5 657 schools have been mobilized through the school 2010 mass mobilization programme. The facilitation of the development of provincial school structures is nearly 50% completed with four provinces having school sport structures;

124. The Department of Basic Education will give effect to compulsory physical education at schools;

125. 14 679 people were trained in sport and recreation as administrators and over 4520 000 people participate in sport and recreation;

126. Nine Norms and Standards documents for Sport and Recreation infrastructure were distributed to municipalities, with 164 municipalities engaged in infrastructure development;

127. Sport and Recreation South Africa managed 12 contracts on funding agreement for stadiums buildings and reports on their legacy have been drafted.


128. The spectacular success of 2010 World Cup;

129. The limited progress in sport integration remains a issue of concern

Programmatic tasks and recommendations towards 2012

130. Greater attention must be given to support sport development in townships and securing investment in sports mostly played by non-Africans;

131. Given the successes of 2010 FIFA World Cup in nation building, similar initiatives should be expanded to other major sports events;

132. Build on the successes of cooperate governance with Sport and Recreation SA taking the lead in focusing on areas such as social cohesion, nation building, tourism, peace and development, etc.;

133. Serious consideration must be given to ring fence MIG funding for the building of sport and recreation facilities or to allocate a percentage of the grant to Sport and Recreation SA;

134. That the ANC must implement an earlier Conference resolution to establish a sports desk to coordinate sports development and transformation.

Women, children and persons with disabilities

Polokwane resolution

Progress since Polokwane

135. The Ministry and Department of Women, children and persons with disabilities has been established;

136. The STC considered and debated the format and structure of a Ministry for vulnerable groups;

137. Since then, the institutional form and mandate emerged as a department for vulnerable groups agreeing that there was a challenge of getting political direction for integrated action for the protection of women, children and persons with disabilities.

Noting that

138. Extensive debate on clarity for integrated action for the protection of women children and disabilities rights still needs continuous strengthening in government, within civil society and between the two sectors;

139. There is still high levels of violence against women and children;

140. Insufficient attention paid to addressing the needs of persons with disabilities.

Programmatic tasks and recommendations towards 2012

141. There should be proper resourcing for Chapter 9 institutions such as the Commission on Gender Equality.

142. Elevate the status of the gender machinery at all levels of government.

143. There is a need to provide special assistance to young women in poor communities, including the provision of free sanitary towels;

144. Provide resources for more overnight shelters for abused women and children to reduce the incidence of secondary abuse.

145. That all government officials and organs of state be conscious of disability matters and about the needs of persons with disabilities.

146. Invest in training programmes for persons with disabilities so as to prepare them for better participation in the labour market.

147. The governance and institutional arrangements for the Women Ministry must be provided through the political processes

148. Overlaps and parallels between the Ministry for Women and Persons with Disabilities and other government departments and statutory entities needs to be clarified


149. The Commission concluded its deliberations by re-affirming that the building blocks of the ANC are the branches;

150. The Commission restated the need for the ANC branches and members as responsible for pushing the social transformation agenda by implementing the programme of action as we move towards the ANC's Centenary;

151. The Commission welcomed the idea of the arrangement between PCO and the branches of the ANC as reported in the SG's report;

152. There must be maximum use of resources from the Caucus fund to ensure a close relationship between public representatives and the branches of the ANC. In this regard the Treasurer General must make a full report on Caucus funds and further ensure its proper functioning;

153. There is a need for ANC branches to ensure the protection of councillors as they are the first victims in service delivery protest.


1. The National General Council received a report on the implementation of Polokwane resolutions and the state of the economy, especially the impact of the global financial crisis. The NGC agreed that the NEC must be furnished with a comprehensive report on achievements, obstacles and blockages.

2. The National General Council affirmed the Polokwane resolutions on Economic Transformation. It further endorsed the call in the Political report for an urgent discussion on the elements and details of a new growth path, and how it will sustain economic recovery and inclusive growth.

3. Of particular importance is the decent work agenda in the context of placing our economy on to a new job creating and more equitable growth path. There must be a detailed analysis of where jobs will be created. The NGC was of the view that the 10 sectors outlined in the new growth path proposals must be expanded and the fisheries sector be used as a starting reference point with measurable targets.

4. In addition, NGC instructs that there must be a report on Industrial Policy Action Plan 2 (IPAP2) performance to the ANC, Cabinet and Parliament within the next 90 days, so that consideration be given to the resourcing of this industrial strategy.

5. The NGC noted that special attention must be given to the distortions created by non-economic issues such as education outcomes (all the way from ECD). Special attention must be paid to the FET sector, with emphasis on artisanal sector. It should be noted that the report on Education deals in detail with this matter.

6. The discussion on labour markets, in the context of the decent work agenda, included attention to the 2009 Elections Manifesto position on labour brokers. The NGC noted the parliamentary hearings on this matter, and mandated the NEC to be engaged with this process.

7. On black economic empowerment - the NGC expresses a profound concern that the existing approach has led to narrow empowerment and a series of unintended consequences. The NGC agreed that all sector charters should be aligned with the Department and Trade and Industry scorecards. If needs be, the policy should be revisited on such review, and this should also take into account the need to build a productive stratum of black entrepreneurs. Amongst these issues of review should be how supply chain management and preferential procurement can more effectively contribute towards small business and cooperative development.

8. The NGC noted that Strategy and Tactics (2007) defined a developmental state in the South African context as a state that is able to deliver effective basic services and with the capacity to direct national development. It thus should have the following attributes:

  1. A commitment to people-centred and people driven change;
  2. The capacity to lead in defining a common national agenda; and
  3. The organizational and technical capacity to translate broad objectives into programmes and projects.

What is required is further elaboration on the measures to be used by such a state to develop and expand these attributes.

9. The NGC agreed that particular attention should be given to the process to reverse apartheid spatial patterns and take back the responsibility of government on spatial planning and development that appears to have been ceded to developers.

10. The NGC reaffirms the ANC's approach that the transformation of the South African economy should always be holistic and comprehensive, covering all sectors of the economy. In this regard, the ANC should ensure greater state involvement and control of strategic sectors of the economy, such as mining, energy, the financial sector and others.

11. There was greater consensus in the commission on the nationalisation of mines and other strategic sectors of the economy. The NGC therefore mandated the NEC to ensure further work be done, including research, study tours and discussions, and to report to the Policy Conference for decision at National Conference in 2012.

12. The NGC urged government to expedite the establishment of a state mining company to consolidate all assets of the state in mining. The mining company should be given a mandate to consider various forms of ownership including partnerships with the private sector.

13. The NGC calls on government to develop a mining sector strategy within 12 months, which takes into account the country's developmental needs and which should also help clarify the state's role in the sector. Among others, the state must ensure an increase in beneficiation of all mineral resources and increase beneficiation targets from the current 10% to about 50% in the next 20 years.

14. The above will require consequential amendments to Mineral and Petroleum Resources Development Act in order to support the objectives of our mineral sector strategy.

15. The NGC discussed the matters related to rural development, and agricultural support systems. It was agreed that these matters must be pursued with greater vigour and that the obstacles to progress must be enunciated and acted upon.

16. On resource application, the NGC notes that the state has limited resources with which to address the various challenges that exist in South Africa. The ANC must therefore create a mechanism so that government can account within the context of the broader policy decisions exercised.

17. The NGC agreed on the creation of a state bank, either as a new institution or a retooled Postbank, which would require intensive capitalisation.

18. NGC agreed that greater attention should be paid to jobs and economic growth opportunities that could be gained from new technology and the knowledge economy. In this regard, the NGC pledges support for South Africa's bid to host the Square Kilometre Array, the largest radio telescope in the world.

19. In line with the Polokwane resolution, the NGC confirms that we should pay greater attention to the job creation potential of infrastructure development and maintenance.



A report was presented on progress made in achieving the following critical outputs identified by the 52nd National Conference in the area of peace and stability:

The National General Council commended the report and noted that implementation of the Resolutions of the 52 Conference are on track.


The transformation of the judiciary and the legal system

1) Introduction of community service for newly qualified law graduates to ensure that basic legal services are afforded to the poorest of the poor; and ensure that new graduates gather the requisite experience.

2) Gender issues need to be mainstreamed and be put high up on the agenda of transformation of the judiciary and the legal system.

3) Review the funding model of Legal Aid South Africa to enable it to attract highly skilled and experienced litigators and provide assistance in civil matters especially where women and children are affected.

4) Prioritise the location of high courts to ensure access to justice to all, especially the poor, taking into account local economic development imperatives.

5) Promote greater use of alternative dispute resolution mechanisms by empowering and capacitating communities to deal with matters in a non-adversarial manner, thus avoiding ligation.

6) Implement the best practices identified during the 2010 Fifa World Cup in the dedicated courts model in the justice system.

7) Transformation of the judiciary should include changing mindsets, attitudes, and orientation.

8) There is a need for a discussion on the most appropriate model of court administration, which not only enhances judicial independence, but will confer on judicial officers the authority to take charge of cases brought before them and thereby enhancing efficiency and expeditiousness which are essential elements of access to justice.

9) Fast-track the processing of the Traditional Courts Bill to ensure consistency in the processing of cases in current traditional courts.

Policing and the fight against crime

10) Prioritise the upgrading of police stations, especially in rural communities and align demarcation of police stations with local government demarcation.

11) Create a single command of the police services, speed up the integration of municipal police with SAPS.

12) Deployment of police officers, especially station commanders, should be sensitive to the needs of communities.

13) Senior appointments in the police should consider understanding of and commitment to the transformational agenda of government.

14) There is a need to integrate training with patriotism, improve the image of the SAPS, and to attract the best students to join the police force. Police stations that can be used for training should be identified and strengthened to execute that task.

15) There is a need to ensure better co-ordination between Provincial Commissioners and Provincial Executive Committees of government.

16) We should strengthen and capacitate forensic laboratory services.

17) Victim protection centres should be rolled out to cover all police stations.

18) In order to reduce social fabric crime, we must intensify the campaign to break the silence, have safe homes for victims, and for the state to take responsibility on behalf of rape or abuse victims in ensuring that justice is realised.

Home Affairs

19) Need to educate and conscientise our communities on the risks of contracting marriages of convenience.

20) Benevolence towards non-nationals should be balanced with national interest.

21) Patriotism should form part of the school curriculum.

22) Strengthen border control management to limit illegal entry into the country.

23) Declaring immigration officers and other strategic components such as those dealing with death registration as essential services.

MKMVA and 50th anniversary of the formation of Umkhonto weSizwe

24) MKMVA to be utilised as a resource considering their skills and expertise across the spectrum of the security cluster.

25) All MKMVA structures should be invited to sit in the PEC and all levels of organisational structures.

26) Start early preparations to celebrate the 50th Anniversary of the formation of MK on the 16th of December 2011.

ANC branch role in combating crime

27) Develop guidelines and fast-track the roll-out of street committees.

28) Branches and alliance structures should be in the centre of crime prevention: they should be in the forefront of crime intelligence gathering and whistle blowing.

29) Branches should be vigilant in CPF structures and operations, ensure the agenda of CPF remains focused on the fight against crime and to combat infiltration and hijack by counter revolutionary elements.

30) Branches should form an integral part of programmes to integrate non-nationals into communities.

Private security services

31) We must speed up the governance and regulatory framework for private security industry, which often possesses and has access to more dangerous weaponry than necessary, in the interest of national security.

32) A time frame of two years should be set to deal with the regulation of the private security industry.

Correctional Services

33) The parole boards should be inclusive in composition and involve communities in granting parole to offenders;

34) There should be criminal offences that can be categorised as falling outside the parole framework.

35) Strengthen offender labour and ploughing back to communities to enhance self sufficiency and skills development

Legislature and Governance and Local Government Elections


The key political mandate of the ANC in Legislature and Governance is to advance the national democratic revolution, building a developmental state in pursuit of our vision of a united, non-racial, democratic, non-sexist and democratic society.

The preparations for the 52nd National Conference were informed by discussion document, which outlined a strategic approach in dealing with matters of Legislature and Governance from 2007 to 2012. The objective of that paper was to provide enduring and useful guidance for the ANC as a whole, but in particular for those cadres deployed to government and the legislatures whose responsibility it is to implement ANC policy.

Since the NGC is a mid-term review the discussion document on Legislature and Governance anchors itself on the four attributes of a developmental state:

Progress since Polokwane

At Polokwane in December 2007 discussions revolved around: the nature of our electoral system; floor crossing; the single public service; transformation of the judiciary; a review of provincial and local government; and ethics and integrity. In addition there were four other key issues we referred to the incoming NEC for processing.

The progress report to the NGC submitted in June 2010 reflects that substantial progress has been made since Polokwane and that a number of our resolutions have in fact either been completed or are in process given the complexity of some of the resolutions. Our achievements since Polokwane includes:

This has meant amongst many other activities:

The NGC informed by the above noted as follows on current and urgent challenges:

Cadre Development in the Public Service and Local Government

1. That cadre development for all spheres of government and organs of the state must be enhanced by a broader approach, which includes political education, training in ethics and training on the constitution and relevant legislation.

2. Cadre development must be informed by the ANC principles and norms enshrined in the Political Education.

3. That a targeted cadre development should aim at building minimum standards for deployment at Government structures.

Local Government

4. There is need for assessment of Ward Committees along with an assessment on community development workers.

5. On the Local government turnaround strategy the commission further instructed the NEC subcommittee to apply its mind to the strategy and ensure that the constitutional structures of the ANC are fully conversant with its recommendations.

6. To ensure service delivery and sustainable municipalities, the executive system chosen by municipalities, must reflect the will of the voters. The NEC subcommittee must ensure necessary mechanisms and guidelines to give effect to this principle.

7. That the separation of powers at local government level must be implemented, in particular the strengthening of the legislative function to ensure effective oversight. This matter should form part of the Local Government Review Summit.

8. Where there is national intervention in a municipality, there must be due process in respect of the constitution; appropriate legislation; and the involvement of the MEC. No intervention without consultation should take place.

9. The NEC must review the current interventions and consider their implications on the next local government elections.


10. With regards the Parliamentary Constituency Offices (PCO's) there is a need to review structures of the PCO's and so as to enhance the one stop model. The location of public representatives at different PCO's needs to be reviewed and streamlined instead of creating new structures.

11. Capacitating of both human and technical capacity needs to be addressed.

Integrity commission

12. The NGC supports the formation of a Integrity Commission to ensure a coordinated approach in dealing with ethical conduct and corruption in all spheres of government.


13. To enhance the engendering of programmes across local government and in national departments whilst at the same time involving key stakeholders.

Convening the Summit of Provincial and Local Government

14. That there is an urgent need for the implementation of the Polokwane resolution on the Review of Provincial and Local Government and in particular the implementation of a summit as part of the process in the development of a White Paper on Provincial Government and to review the Local Government White paper.

15. The Municipal Systems Administration Bill and all key legislation affecting local government must be presented to the summit.

16. The Summit will be held within three months of the NGC. A discussion document must be prepared for the summit and circulated to ANC structures. The ANC structures and alliance partners must be properly represented and ensure quality inputs to the summit.


17. On demarcation boundary disputes it was acknowledged that there are processes in place and procedures that need to be followed in resolving these disputes. The NEC is urged to speed up the finalization of these matters.

18. The Commission expressed unhappiness with the Municipal Demarcation Board. Further that the Demarcation board must be informed by a principled approach on demarcation which takes into account not just a numbers ratio approach but a philosophical appreciation of what underpins the human settlements approach.

19. The role, functions and location of the Demarcation Board must be reviewed.

Service delivery

20. Service delivery audits must be done in all three spheres of government. This must be completed before the elections

Programmatic issues and recommendations towards the 2012

Single Public Service

21. There is support for the continuing process.

Local government

22. There is an urgent need for a review of local government legislation. This would entail a comprehensive review of local government legislation specifically the systems act, structures Act's and the MFMA.

23. On the two tier system of local government there were views expressed for and against. This will further be discussed at the summit. It was agreed that criteria must be developed informed by: an integrated approach; redistribution; access to services and an approach to shared services. These criteria should inform the configuration of a new structure of local government. Further this process needs to be linked to the future of Provinces.

24. There is an urgent need to review the current funding model of local government. This would include a review of the equitable share formula with the poverty index being used rather than outdated population figures.

25. That the entire intergovernmental fiscal relations need to be reviewed, this would include conducting an impact assessment of the abolishing of the RSC levy and its consequence on District Municipalities ability to deliver on their mandate. Further the Municipal Infrastructure Grant must form part of this review.

26. IDP's must include the financial implications of the MDG's. Provincial and National government must play a meaningful role in informing the IDP's

27. With regards working relations at local government level, there was consensus that these working relations must be harmonized, in particular between Chief Whips; Municipal Mayors and Speakers.

28. That the PR system must be retained. Public opinion can be sought but within the context of an ANC process. Further that leadership and local government experience are essential criteria in determining who are elected.

29. There was consensus that the ANC at its next Policy conference moves toward a retention policy, with respect to councilors, to ensure continuity and institutional memory.

30. There was strong consensus on the need for full time councilors.

31. Migration issues must be taken into account when planning at Local Government level. This would include implications on provincial and local government finances and human settlements.

32. We should support and promote cooperatives as primary sources of employment and producers of goods and services, and an integral part of local economic development.

Political office and senior management positions in government

33. The NGC agreed as a matter of principle that political office bearers in the ANC should not hold senior management positions in any sphere of government. This principle must ensure no contradictions of accountability nor conflict of interest.


34. On the future of Provinces it was resolved that there is a need for a deeper analysis and examination of the balance of evidence before any final decision be taken. Views within the Commission were expressed on doing away with Provinces but in a phased approach.

35. The relationship of the future of the two tier system of local government must be linked to future reconfiguration of the Provinces.


36. The role of SALGA in the National Council of Provinces must change with SALGA receiving full voting rights

37. On the processing of Bills all Bills of strategic importance must go before the relevant NEC subcommittee for processing prior to them being submitted in Parliament. The same principle applies for provincial legislatures and PECs.

2011 Local Government Elections

38. There is need for deployment from national structures to particular Provinces backed with resources. The resources for local government elections must be made available as a matter of urgency.

39. The tasks in Phase 1 and 2 of the presentation were endorsed

40. 2006 local government elections reflected over 30% of youth not registered to vote. The ANC branches must attend to this a as a matter of urgency. A dedicated registration campaign with targets must be set.

Know your neighbourhood campaign

41. Conceptually the role of the ANC must be expanded way beyond the confines of ANC government. As a liberation movement the role of the ANC outside of government is to reintroduce the "Know your neighbourhood campaign" especially in the rural areas

Simultaneous elections for all three spheres of government

42. The Commission agreed that we should towards holding national, provincial and local government elections at the same time. This must not be based only upon financial considerations, but rather political considerations. A broader perspective needs to underpin the approach.

43. The ANC undertake a research into the overall assessment of the likely impact of simultaneous elections.

Coalition governments

44. There needs to be guidelines laid down by the ANC on participation in coalition governments and the framework that will govern this

Electricity redistribution

45. On electricity distribution at local government level the REDS must be relocated under the municipalities. Electricity infrastructure funding must follow the relocation of function.



1. As stipulated in the Freedom Charter "there shall be peace and friendship," International Relations is utilised by the ANC to form friendships and to work towards peace in the continent and the world. This also means forging and maintaining relations with like-minded forces to take forward a progressive agenda for a better Africa and better world, without hunger, disease, oppression and underdevelopment.

2. The six pillars, or broader areas of international work are:

  1. Contributing to building a better Africa and better world
  2. Continental and international solidarity
  3. Party-to-party, intra-lateral party and multilateral
  4. Transformation of global governance institutions
  5. Policy Development Issues
  6. Campaigns


3. Since Polokwane, the ANC has done work on the continent and in the world through party-to-party relations, participating in certain international fora, conflict resolution on the continent, limitedly involvement in campaigns, dealt with some of the transformational global governance issues and have ensured that ongoing policy development.

4. The capacity of the International relations subcommittee at the ANC headquarter is a matter of concern as it is not nearly adequate to respond to all the issues we face. Therefore, the ANC has not been able to implement many of the resolutions as reflected in the NEC Subcommittee on International Relations Report to the National General Council .

5. The current international balance of forces have seen a shift from a unipolar world where the United States was a hegemonic power towards an emerging multipolar world with the increased presence of Asia, in the process decisively tilting the international balance of forces. China and India are emerging as key players in geopolitics and we have seen the emergence of several regional groups of the ‘South' like BRIC, IBSA etc.

6. South Africa plays a role in many global forums such as the G20, which has eclipsed the G8 configuration of developed countries. This is an important platform for our international work.

Programmatic tasks and recommendations towards 2012

The commission reaffirmed the Polokwane resolutions and endorsed the report submitted to the National General Council with certain amendments.

The commission discussed general international relations, but concentrated on the African Agenda. The following recommendations were made:

7. Strengthening African institutions

7.1 Continue to strengthen the regional integration of SADC.

7.2 Strengthen the African Union (AU) and its organs, encourage the strong regional bodies and reinvigorate NEPAD.

7.3 The Pan African Parliament is a critical instrument for the continued democratization of the Continent.

8. Sudan

8.1 Delegates raised concerns about the situation in Sudan, and the NGC thus proposed that the President should consider appointing a Special Envoy to Sudan to enable South Africa to contribute to achieving a peaceful Sudanese referendum reflecting the will of the people.

9. Africa day

9.1 Promote Africa Day (not necessarily a public holiday) and the African Union anthem in the broader South African society to assist South Africans identification with the African continent.

10. Foreign Policy Review and the issue of National Interest

10.1 Conduct a review of South African foreign Policy, including such matters as South Africa's national interests, international migration, and strengthening of the Region.

10.2 Our definition of the national interest should advance the NDR, and be informed by the Strategy and Tactics document of the ANC. We also need to balance our national interest between our emphasis on human rights, political issues and economic interests. The ANC should further debate and develop an ANC position paper on what it regards as our national interest and popularise it.

10.3 Foreign Policy should incorporate the current challenges of human trafficking and migration, in addition to human rights and worker rights issues.

10.4 The ANC should further develop a position paper on migration, immigration and xenophobia as contained in the 52nd Conference resolution and be taken to the Provinces for further discussions.

10.5 The ANC should debate and develop a position paper on if and when and under what circumstances and where South Africa should deploy our SANDF soldiers in countries at war, such as Somalia. There was consensus in the commission that South Africa should not send troops to Somalia but continue to engage on the issues.

10.6 The response on AFRICOM should be informed by strategic considerations and not only a campaign.

11. Business code of conduct

11.1 The Business Code of Conduct should ensure that South African companies doing business in Africa and abroad conduct themselves in a manner they with South African norms and standards, such as upholding labour relations standards, ethical conduct and so forth.

12. South African Development Partnership Agency (SADPA)

12.1 South African Development Partnership Agency should advance a progressive agenda and not act like traditional aid agencies.

12.2 The work already been done on South African Development Partnership Agency (SADPA), National Interests paper and the Business Code of Conduct should be processed through the ANC Subcommittee on International Relations and be submitted to the ANC NEC for approval before being implemented.

13. Training, coordinating structures and institutional capacity

13.1 Many provinces raised concerns about our internal coordinating mechanisms around international relations. All provinces that have not established International Relations (IR) Subcommittees should do so by the end of 2010 with the assistance of the NEC Subcommittee. Furthermore, IR desks should also be cascaded to Regional level.

13.2 Branch database should be used to identify IR practitioners that could serve as volunteers in the ANC, employees in government e.g. Cadets. This should assist the ANC to build capacity and expand its International Relations programme. The ANC should look at its ANC deployment to International institutions and ensure that this is broadened. DIRCO should establish a database on its website which indicates all available employment to multilateral institutions, to enable comrades and others to view and apply for these positions.

13.3 The institutional memory from other countries, our international friends, and veterans of the movement need to be identified, coordinated and consolidated for the purposes of archiving and recording the history of our movement in international relations as we move towards our centenary anniversary.

13.4 DIRCO need to publicise the national guidelines for the coordination of international relations work in all spheres of government, which was adopted by Cabinet. Government officials at all levels should adhere to these guidelines.

13.5 DIRCO should explore the possibilities of using their expertise and facilities of their Diplomatic Academy to provide training for members of civil society in international relations.

13.6 Protocol training should be provided in all ANC structures, for deployees and Alliance structures to ensure that comrades behave and conduct themselves professionally when embarking on ANC international relations work.

13.7 The ANC should open an International Relations Office in Tshwane as the city that hosts amongst the largest diplomatic communities in the world.

13.8 We must encourage debate on international relations as part of promoting South African foreign policy.

13.9 The ANC should engage the SABC on reinstating the African and international channels to promote debates on continental and international issues in the domestic arena as well as the broader continent.

14. Party to party relations

14.1 The ANC should develop clear guidelines for already existing relationships and forging new party-to party relations, informed by the ANC's values including our commitment to democracy. Party-to-party relations go beyond Africa, we therefore need to establish relations with the progressive forces across the world to take forward our national and continental endeavours. Further to this we need to identify and engage with progressive parties on the continent to enable us to take the progressive agenda forward.

14.2 In engagement with progressive parties on the continent, we should share experiences and where possible, assist each other with party building.

15. Pan African Women's Organisation (PAWO)

16. South Africa currently hosts PAWO, and holds the position of Secretary General through the ANC Women's League.

17. Programmes between PAWO and the ANC International Relations should be coordinated and strategic support needs to be provided.

18. We must ensure that the resolution on the formation of a Young Women's structure within PAWO is expedited.

Alliance programme on international relations

19. A combined programme on IR with our partners on the Alliance was proposed, around identified issues such as:

19.1 Climate change, trade, transformation of multi-lateral institutions

19.2 Solidarity campaigns: Cuba, Western Sahara, Palestine and Swaziland. In particular, the Alliance needs to undertake a full discussion on our approach to the situation in Swaziland.

19.3 There is a meeting of the World Social Forum in Senegal in 2011. We therefore need to establish a Southern African Chapter of the Forum towards the end of 2010.

20. The Alliance should convene an International Forum to strategise and plan joint campaigns.

21. The Alliance should share critical information on International Relations as the information arises.

ANC participation in international organisations

22. The ANC needs to urgently develop clear policy on International participation to ensure that proper international protocols and conduct is followed by comrades in spheres of government and in the ANC when conducting their international work. Secondly we need to strengthen affiliation to like-minded international organisations and participate actively in them, including strengthening our proactive participation in structures like the Socialist International , Sao Paulo Forum, Non-Aligned Movement, etc.

Cuban solidarity and the release of the Cuban Five Campaign

23. ANC members are urged to sign the petition initiated by the Ex-political Prisoners Association available at ANC Headquarters. A march will be organised to deliver the petition and a memorandum to the President of the United States, with the call for the Release of the Cuban Five who were incarcerated defending the Cuban Revolution.

24. The NGC declared its support for the campaign to ensure that the plight for the Release of the Cuban Five is profiled and reiterated its commitment to the cause of the Cuban People. The NGC agrees to increase the trade between South Africa and Cuba as a reinforcement of our Foreign Policy and International Solidarity with Cuba.

World Youth Festival, December 2010

25. The ANC Youth League is hosting the WYFDY World Youth Festival from 13 - 23 December 2010, with the participation of 30,000 young people from more than 160 countries. In previous festivals held in Venezuela and Algeria the host country organised free chartered flights to bring the participants from Cuba to the event. The NGC strongly encourages government to assist and facilitate the participation of the Cuban youth delegation to the festival.


1. The National General Council in commission deliberated on progress made towards the implementation of the 52nd conference resolutions. The deliberations took place against the backdrop of progress in the revival and strengthening of the NEC Communications sub-committee, which is tasked with the implementation of conference resolutions.

2. To this effect, the ANC established a National Communications Forum, an ICT Task team, a Media Diversity task team and the Communications strategy task team. Since Polokwane, various meetings have been held to strategise, formulate work plans and implement conference resolutions as far as possible.

3. During the period under review, the Communications sub-committee developed a discussion paper on media diversity and a report dealing with ICT policy issues as part of the implementation of Conference resolutions. These documents were discussed in ANC structures and tabled at the NGC for consideration.

4. Guided by the 51st and 52nd Conference Resolutions, the discussion document on media diversity and the ICT policy report, the commission discussed the following key issues:

  1. Challenges facing the broadcasting industry in general and the role of the public broadcaster (SABC) in particular.
  2. Advocacy for a review of journalism ethics and curriculum to include developmental communication.
  3. Investigation of anti-competitive behaviour in the print media value chain (publishing, printing, advertising and distribution).
  4. Effective communications in all spheres of government to ensure that it reaches all citizens, in all official languages.
  5. Development and adoption of a media charter, media diversity and transformation (as regards to broadcast, print and new media),
  6. General media freedom, advertising and its impact on society,
  7. Continuation and conclusion of discussions on the enquiry on the desirability of establishing of a Media Appeals Tribunal (MAT)
  8. The allocation of frequency spectrum to support developmental goals,
  9. Strengthening and increased funding of ICASA, SABC, Media Development and Diversity Agency (MDDA)and SENTECH
  10. Development of languages to be in line with our developmental priorities on public broadcasting, including funding, governance, management, content and programming.
  11. Information and Communication Technologies as tools for development
  12. Global governance of the internet
  13. Transformation of gender relations in and through the media including dealing with the stereotyping of women in media.
  14. Creating an environment that is sensitive to and affirming of the needs and rights of people with disabilities.
  15. Measures to protect and safeguard children and youth against negative effect of harmful advertising and media.
  16. Strengthening of internal organizational communication

5. The NGC noted efforts and progress made towards the implementation of conference resolutions as well as the outstanding tasks. Progress achieved by the time of this NGC, include:

  1. Publication of a discussion paper on media diversity and transformation. The document has gone through internal ANC processes including discussions in the NEC, branches and provincial general councils.
  2. Production of various ANC media products such as NEC Bulletin and PEC Bulletins in some provinces, journal Umrabulo, ANC Today and the upgrading of the ANC website, to ensure effective communications within the organisation and the broader democratic movement.
  3. The development of a media interaction programme and extending the submission of articles originating from members for publication in the ANC Today beyond members of the NEC.
  4. Engaged social media networks such as Facebook, Twitter which have proven effective during major campaigns especially elections
  5. At a policy level progress has been made with regard to the rollout of community radio stations in the majority of districts municipalities
  6. Work has been done in respect to auditing trends regarding media ownership and control in South Africa. A research report was published in this regard.

6. With regard to ICT policy, the commission noted achievements in the following areas:

  1. Research and development strategy has been finalized and implemented.
  2. Every district municipality has a community radio station.
  3. NEMISA and Meraka Institute established to facilitate skills development and capacity building in the sector.
  4. Strides have been achieved regarding universal access to ICTs and broadcasting however a lot still needs to be done to achieve full access by all citizens.
  5. ANC Media Forum and Media and ICT Task Teams have been established and are meeting regularly.
  6. Local content development and digitization strategy is under review.
  7. A new spectrum and broadband policies have been introduced
  8. Progress made in the transformation of global Internet governance

7. The following resolutions are yet to be implemented:

  1. Further financial support to critical institutions in the sector such as Sentech, ICASA and MDDA.
  2. Funding of the SABC to the level resolved by Polokwane Conference (and previous Conferences) has not been done - instead the SABC continues to rely extensively on commercial revenues to discharge its public service mandate. This situation militates against the SABC meeting its public service obligations as per its license. Currently, the SABC is faced with a financial crisis that has necessitated the issuing of a government guarantee of R1.4bn.
  3. The national youth radio station has not been established.
  4. Parliamentary radio and television channel have not been established.
  5. SABC regional TV services have not yet been established.

8. Informed by the considerations above, the Commission affirmed the recommendations as presented including those from the PGCs, and further made additions as follows:

On the ANC and media freedoms and democracy

9. The ANC should communicate the fact that South Africa enjoys ICT and media freedom as a result of the implementation of the ANC policies. Since its inception in 1912 the ANC has consistently fought for freedom of expression and freedom of the media. Our history and the Constitution of the Republic attest to this reality.

10. The ANC has to advance and defend the existing rights and ensure that all South Africans equally enjoy these rights.

On ANC Internal Communications

11. The National Communication Forum and NEC Sub-Committee Task Teams should be strengthened. Effective communications strategies and interventions should also be introduced at all structures of the organisation. Interventions in this regard should include the participation of our cadres in the community media platforms and initiatives.

12. New media and digitisation provides opportunities for enhancing ANC communication. The ANC needs to make creative use of a range of mechanisms to communicate with the widest spectrum of South Africans. Cadres should utilise the existing space provided by alternative and community media in the battle of ideas.

13. ANC literature, publications and documents should be distributed to all libraries and community centres across the country to ensure that members of the public have access to the ANC public documents. The ANC further needs to establish an information desk in all its structures to analyse news, and must use arts and culture to enhance communication, e.g. Sculptures, etc.

14. The ANC should effectively monitor progress related to media diversity, ownership and content.

15. All structures of the ANC must be online, in order to facilitate and strengthen direct flow of information to all structures and the general public. The ANC unit must be equipped with video, audio and photography.

16. Acts of indiscipline including cadres leaking stories and making irresponsible public statements to the media is a contributory cause for the generation of negative perceptions that undermine the standing, unity and stability of the ANC in the public eye. ANC cadres in general and in particular leaders should be circumspect when making public statements.

17. The ANC should proactively and effectively co-ordinate its various policy and legislative interventions and the communication thereof, to avoid mixed messages and sending wrong signals.

18. Communication links should be strengthened amongst all ANC structures including the leagues.

19. The ANC should strengthen its communication linkage with its Alliance partners.

On Media Diversity

20. The print media must be transformed and diversified in terms of ownership and control. Transformation must include language diversity, gender mainstreaming, equity in respect of race and class, and sensitive to children and people with disabilities. A media transformation charter should be introduced to facilitate changes in the media.

21. The Competition Commission inquiry into possible anti-competitive behaviour in print media value chain (publishing, printing, advertising and distribution).

22. An enquiry should also be conducted on the transformation of advertising and marketing industry.

On Media Accountability Mechanisms

23. The existing self-regulatory system (Press Ombudsman and Press Council) is ineffective and needs to be strengthened to balance the rights of the media and those of other citizens guided by the values enshrined in our Bill of Rights, i.e. Human Dignity, Equality and Freedom.

24. According to the Constitution, the National Assembly is elected to represent the people. The Assembly is also mandated to provide a national forum for the public consideration of issues. Media accountability as now it is a matter of public importance should therefore be a matter for consideration by the Assembly.

25. The South African constitution is premised on the values of human dignity, equality and freedom. In addition human dignity is enshrined as a fundamental right in Section 10 of the Bill of Rights. This is an indication of the primacy of human dignity in the South African situation.

26. Freedom of expression is also an important right enshrined in our constitution, but we should fight hard to prevent the campaign to elevate it above the right and value of human dignity.

27. The Commission affirmed the call for Parliament to conduct a public inquiry on:

27.1 Balancing of the rights enshrined in the Constitution like right to dignity, freedom of expression and media, guided by the values enshrined in our Bill of Rights, i.e. Human dignity, Equality and Freedom.

27.2 Transformation of the print media (media charter, ownership and control, advertising and marketing and the establishment of media accountability mechanism, the Media Appeals Tribunal).

27.3 Media accountability mechanism in the public interest, including the investigations into the best international practices without compromising the values enshrined in our Constitution.

27.4 What regulatory mechanisms can be put in place to ensure the effective balancing of rights, this may include self-regulation, co-regulation and independent regulation.

28. Any media accountability mechanism should be independent of commercial and party political interests, should act without fear, favour and prejudice, should be empowered to impose appropriate sanctions and must not be pre-publication censorship.

29. In preparation for its submission to this inquiry, the ANC should put together a team tasked with preparing the ANC submission to parliament.

Public broadcasting

30. The ANC should convene an Indaba on Public Broadcasting to define and outline the role of Public Broadcasting Service as soon as possible, and should learn from other developmental states. Discussions in this regard should also include into the governance challenges of the SABC.

31. There must be the political will to implement the resolution of 51st and 52nd conference in respect of funding the SABC with a minimum of 60% through public funds.

32. Government should commit to a plan towards this objective, including indicating the amount of percentage increase in every financial year towards the achievement of this objective, with timelines.

33. National Treasury should prioritise the funding of the SABC as the basis of a drive to introduce effective public broadcasting. National Treasury must also prioritise the funding of the parliamentary channel and youth radio in terms of the Conference Resolutions.

34. Regard should be given in respect of access to all public broadcasting radio stations nationally.

On Regulatory capacity and strengthening state enterprises

35. Public entities like the communications regulator (ICASA), signal distributor (SENTECH), MDDA should be strengthened through the injection of additional financial and human resources, capacitated to fulfil their mandate as enshrined in their founding legislation.

36. Officials at these entities should be conversant with the objectives of the ANC led government, including its policies.

On Government Communications

37. The commission affirmed that government communication should reach all citizens and in all languages. It recommends that GCIS be strengthened in order to co-ordinate information flow amongst different departments and amongst all three spheres of government (local, district and provincial).

38. The commission recommends the strengthening of local government communication through enhanced training programmes. The commission further recommended that GCIS should further offer communication support to parastatals in order to properly profile work of these institutions.

39. Strengthen effective communication using media platforms serving the targeted communities like community broadcasting and public broadcasting services (radio and print) in the battle of ideas.

40. Our government is one of the biggest advertising spenders. All spheres of government should advertise in the community and small commercial media that produce media in the languages spoken by communities, to assist the sustenance and growth of these media.

41. In view of the advent of digitization and new media, government needs to investigate possible options of unmediated government communication systems. The new opportunities provide a paradigm shift in government communications.

42. GCIS should support the communication of work done by other public and state owned entities which does not get media coverage. We must use arts and culture to enhance communication and convey the values of our democratic society, e.g. Sculptures, murals and other forms of public art. Officials at GCIS should be conversant with the objectives of the ANC led Government.

On Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs)

43. ANC should develop and adopt ICT policies that take into account the strategic role of ICTs in socio-economic development, government administration, democratic governance and service delivery. Such development of policy should be inclusive of all structures of the ANC.

44. There should be public sector interventions to rollout infrastructure and services in schools, libraries, health centres, public offices and community centres must be prioritized. Policy should incentivize SMMEs, co-operatives to take advantage of ICT innovations.

45. The national backbone and infrastructure should be extended to reach all communities and households in the medium to long term. ANC should introduce formal and informal education and training opportunities to ensure effective utilization of ICTs

46. ANC should canvass the ministries of education and higher education and training to ensure that ICT and technology education are integrated in the school and higher education curriculum.

47. There should exist a single ICT national plan to maximize the value and impact of existing investments and initiatives. This plan should inform the reconfiguration of state interventions and institutions where necessary. The national broadband plan should emphasize fast speed, affordable and quality services to all South Africans

48. The new spectrum policy should identify frequencies to be set aside to facilitate empowerment, universal access and SMME participation. The national plan should further include a digital migration plan for the digitisation of government services; initially each government department should indentify at least three services to be offered online.

49. Current state interventions (Sentech, Infraco, Telkom, Municipality services, SITA, SANReN, etc) should be harmonised to prevent duplications and to improve service delivery. Regard has to be taken of the 52nd Conference Resolution in respect of review of state owned enterprises.

50. South Africa's approach to convergence should not compromise the strategic role of broadcasting as a cultural sector; there needs to be more investment in the creation of broadcasting content, including film, that is reflective of the South African realities.

51. The independent regulating authority, Icasa, should be capacitated adequately (including additional funding and human resource). New ways of levying the sector to fund the regulator should be considered without compromising Icasa's accountability to Parliament and the public.

52. The governance of state owned enterprises should be streamlined and should be coordinated through a single authority to ensure a coherent implementation of national policy, effective co-ordination and oversight.

53. The commission highlighted concern about the delays in the implementation of broadcasting digitisation due to the review or otherwise of the Digital Terrestrial Television (DTT) standards.

54. Establish an ANC task team to look into the realignment, planning, access and bridging the digital divide and information divide. An integrated and comprehensive ICT strategy and plan should be prioritised. An audit of the different rollouts (by all spheres of government) of ICT infrastructure and harmonisation should be conducted.

55. The commission stated a need to reprioritise universal access and service. There should be integrated infrastructure planning and rollout targeting rural areas, i.e. RDP houses, electrification and ICT services.

General remarks

56. The NGC noted that a number of resolutions emanating from 51stStellenbosch Conference that were also affirmed by the 52nd Polokwane Conference have yet to be implemented. In the light of this, we should ensure:

56.1 That NEC should account for the non-implementation of Congress resolutions, like on SABC funding, funding of other public entities like ICASA, MDDA, SENTECH, etc. Less than 25% of resolutions were implemented. These funding resolutions will enable the realization of the key priorities of our government, rural development, education, health, fighting crime and corruption and job creation.

56.2 Implementation of resolutions must be monitored by an ANC structure.

56.3 Government should revisit the question of MDDA, retain the initial concept in respect of establishing a strong agency to advance media diversity and development agenda that will make real impact into the mainstream media, whilst supporting community media, including legislated contributions by the print media, as broadcast media do.

56.4 Monitor and evaluate the performance of deployed cadres in the media and communication sector, develop the proposed database of cadres in good standing. Ensure discipline amongst our cadres, cadres must attend meetings when called by the ANC.

56.5 Establish co-ordination and link between ANC Deployment Committee and deployed cadres.